To investigate the effect of fat suppression on T2 mapping of the articular cartilage in the porcine knee joint using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Eleven porcine knee joints were harvested en bloc with intact capsules. We performed T2 mapping of the articular cartilage in the medial femoral condyle at 3T either with (fat-suppressed T2 mapping) or without (conventional T2 mapping) fat suppression in the sagittal plane under two frequency-encoding directions: from superior to inferior (SI) and inferior to superior (IS). Two observers measured the T2 values of the medial femoral condyle cartilage in four regions: in the anterior oblique, central horizontal, posterior oblique, and posterior vertical portions. We evaluated reproducibility of the fat-suppressed and conventional T2 mapping by changing the frequency-encoding direction.
The mean T2 values of fat-suppressed T2 mapping were significantly lower than those of conventional T2 mapping for five of eight comparisons (P < 0.017). The mean T2 values between fat-suppressed T2 -SI and fat-suppressed T2 -IS did not differ significantly in any region (P = 0.077-0.873). However, the mean T2 values of conventional T2 -SI were significantly lower compared with conventional T2 -IS in three of the regions (P < 0.05). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) between the two fat-suppressed T2 maps was higher than the ICC between the two conventional T2 maps (0.276-0.800 vs. -0.032-0.455) for three regions.
Compared with conventional T2 mapping, fat-suppressed T2 mapping provides lower T2 values of the articular cartilage and more reproducible results for the porcine knee joint.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:
2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;45:1076-1081.
© 2016 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.
KEYWORDS: T2 mapping; articular cartilage; chemical shift artifact; fat suppression